Strengthen means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
Global challenges require global solutions. While the MDGs focused on implementation primarily in the countries of the Global South, the UN Sustainable Development Goals are characterised by universal validity. In this respect, all UN member states, i.e. also the countries of the Global North, are now called upon to achieve the goals and must also be accountable for their implementation.
The 2030 Agenda, and SDG 17 in particular, can serve as an essential compass for political decision-making in order to ensure socio-economic stability and ecological sustainability at the national and regional level as well as in the global context. Austria can actively participate in the development of global measures here. SDG 17 is dedicated to revitalising partnerships to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals and calls for measures to implement partnerships as well as strengthening the means of implementation: Austria's effective participation is essential for the implementation of this goal.
Sustainability as a guiding principle for state action, which is based on the three pillars of ecology, economy and social affairs, can only be successfully implemented if states also acknowledge their global responsibility and implement this through appropriate measures.
SDG 17 contains targets that can be seen as a seismograph of the extent to which states are prepared to take multilateral action. At the same time, the promotion of public-private partnerships and transnationally organised civil societies will be essential in achieving these goals.
SDG 17 Targets:*
17.1 Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
17.2 Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
17.4 Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
17.5 Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
17.8 Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
17.10 Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
17.11 Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
17.12 Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
Policy and institutional coherence
17.13 Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
17.14 Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
17.15 Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
17.16 Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
Data, monitoring and accountability
17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
17.19 By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries
*The targets in italics will be scientifically examined by the UniNEtZ and options for meeting these targets by 2030 will be developed. The remaining targets will not be considered, as there is no expertise available at the UniNEtZ.
The targets will be worked on by the following university: Johannes Kepler University Linz (JKU)
Situation in Austria
The SDGs are a global agenda and were jointly adopted by all UN member states in 2015. Sustainable development in the 21st century can only be achieved through global cooperation. All UN member states are called upon to implement the universal plan to promote sustainable peace and prosperity and to protect the Earth in national development plans. SDG 17 is directly aimed at the extent to which countries not only pay attention to achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda within their national context, but also addresses international relations and multilateralism.
Austria has made a contractual commitment to implement the 2030 Agenda. The Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs has a coordinating function in the field of development policy.
At the global regional level of the EU as well as in the UN and other international organisations, Austria contributes significantly to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals at the global level. As a member of the UN, the EU, the OECD and the World Bank Group, Austria helps shape international development policy in committees. Austria can assume responsibility within the framework of the new global partnership: both in financial terms, in supporting municipalities and civil society initiatives as well as the private sector through state-led further development of targeted multi-actor partnerships. In the context of UniNEtZ, Associate University Professor Dr.inVeronika Wittmann, Global Studies at Johannes Kepler University Linz has taken the lead in sponsoring SDG 17.
(based on the options report to be published)
The options elaborated by the SDG groups are to serve as a means of communicating to the federal government which concrete options can be set by Austria in order to implement the 2030 Agenda with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The options report will be published on 02.12.2021.
- Option 17.1: Strengthen Austria's role in international partnerships by focusing on multilateralism: Increase funding for international organizations and programs
- Option 17.2: Institutionalize global studies at Austrian universities
- Option 17.3: Expand and strengthen science and technology cooperation with countries of the Global South (focus on Africa)
- Johannes Kepler University Linz, Global Studies at the Institute for Modern History and Contemporary History and at the Institute for Cultural Economy and Cultural Research (JKU): Veronika Wittmann
- In the context of the event series "SDG 17: Global Cooperation in Times of Nationalism" by UniNEtZ/JKU and OEFSE (Austrian Research Foundation for International Development): Michael Obrovsky (OEFSE)
- There was a scientific exchange with Helga Kromp-Kolb and Reinhold Lang from the UniNEtZ Steering Committee.